Bone ash

Effects of graded levels of an Escherichia coli phytase on growth performance, apparent total tract digestibility of phosphorus, and on bone parameters of weanling pigs fed phosphorus-deficient corn-soybean meal based diets

She, Y., Y. Liu, J. C. González-Vega, and H. H. Stein. 2017. Effects of graded levels of an Escherichia coli phytase on growth performance, apparent total tract digestibility of phosphorus, and on bone parameters of weanling pigs fed phosphorus-deficient corn-soybean meal based diets. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 232:102-109. Link to abstract

Requirement for digestible calcium by eleven- to twenty-five–kg pigs as determined by growth performance, bone ash concentration, calcium and phosphorus balances, and expression of genes involved in transport of calcium in intestinal and kidney cells

González-Vega, J. C., Y. Liu, J. C. McCann, C. L. Walk, J. J. Loor, and H. H. Stein. 2016. Requirement for digestible calcium by eleven- to twenty-five–kilogram pigs as determined by growth performance, bone ash concentration, calcium and phosphorus balances, and expression of genes involved in transport of calcium in intestinal and kidney cells. J. Anim. Sci. 94:3321-3334. Link to full text (.pdf)

Effects of a novel phytase on growth performance and metacarpal bone ash in weanling pigs

Liu, Y., J. C. González-Vega, M. Vázquez-Añón, J. Zhao, J. Escobar, F. N. Almeida, and H. H. Stein. 2016. Effects of a novel phytase on growth performance and metacarpal bone ash in weanling pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 94(Suppl. 2):111-112 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

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Requirement for digestible calcium by 25 to 50 kg pigs at different dietary concentration of phosphorus by growth performance and bone ash concentration

An excess of calcium in swine diets may increase excretion of phosphorus due to formation of Ca-P complexes. Therefore, when formulating diets for pigs, it is important to consider the ratio of calcium to phosphorus. The proper ratio should ensure that both minerals are maximally utilized in the bodies of the pigs.

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Growth performance and bone mineralization in weanling pigs fed diets containing different levels of digestible calcium and digestible phosphorus

It is important to include calcium and phosphorus in the diets in the proper proportions because the excess or deficiency of one mineral may affect the utilization of the other. Calcium requirements in the 2012 NRC are based on a model, which used a 2.15 ratio of total calcium to standardized total tract digestible (STTD) phosphorus. An optimal ratio of STTD calcium to STTD phosphorus has not been reported because not enough data exist on the standardized total tract digestibility of calcium. However, recent studies conducted by the Stein Monogastric Nutrition Lab have determined values for STTD calcium for several calcium sources. With these data, it is possible to determine the requirement for STTD calcium. Therefore, an experiment was conducted to determine the requirement of STTD calcium to maximize growth performance and bone ash in 11 to 25 kg pigs.

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Effects of superdosing of microbial phytase in diets for weanling pigs

Crenshaw, T. D., O. Adeola, M. J. Azain, S. K. Baidoo, S. D. Carter, G. M. Hill, S. W. Kim, P. S. Miller, M. C. Shannon, and H. H. Stein. 2015. Effects of superdosing of microbial phytase in diets for weanling pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 93(Suppl. s3):227 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

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Effect of a 6-phytase derived from Buttiauxella spp. expressed in Trichoderma reesei on apparent total tract digestibility of Ca and P, bone ash, and growth performance in weaning piglets

Wealleans, A. L., Y. Dersjant-Li, R. M. Bold, and H. H. Stein. 2014. Effect of a 6-phytase derived from Buttiauxella spp. expressed in Trichoderma reesei on apparent total tract digestibility of Ca and P, bone ash, and growth performance in weaning piglets. J. Anim. Sci 92(E-Suppl. 2):237 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

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Effects of high-protein canola meals fed to weanling pigs on growth performance, organ weights, bone ash, and blood parameters

Parr, C. K., Y. Liu, C. M. Parsons, and H. H. Stein. 2014. Effects of high-protein canola meals fed to weanling pigs on growth performance, organ weights, bone ash, and blood parameters. J. Anim. Sci. 92(Suppl. 2):61-62 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

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Effects of including microbial phytase in diets fed to pigs and broilers

Lowell, J. E., M. Song, J. K. Mathai, and H. H. Stein. 2013. Effects of including microbial phytase in diets fed to pigs and broilers. J. Anim. Sci. 91(Suppl. 2):121 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

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Relative bioavailability of phosphorus in inorganic phosphorus sources fed to growing pigs

Petersen, G. I., C. Pedersen, M. D. Lindemann and H. H. Stein. 2011. Relative bioavailability of phosphorus in inorganic phosphorus sources fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 89:460-466. Link to full text (.pdf)