Palm kernel meal

Nutritional value of high fiber co-products from the copra, palm kernel, and rice industries in diets fed to pigs

Stein, H. H., G. A. Casas, J. J. Abelilla, Y. Liu, and R. C. Sulabo. 2015. Nutritional value of high fiber co-products from the copra, palm kernel, and rice industries in diets fed to pigs. J. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol. 6:56. Link to full text (.pdf)

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Nutritional value of co-products from the tropical food industry and of novel feed ingredients

Stein, H. H. 2015. Nutritional value of co-products from the tropical food industry and of novel feed ingredients. 28th Annual PHILSAN Convention, Pasay City, Manila, Philippines, October 8, 2015. Link to full text (.pdf)

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Standardized total tract digestibility of phosphorus in copra meal, palm kernel expellers, palm kernel meal, and soybean meal fed to growing pigs

Almaguer, B. L., R. C. Sulabo, Y. Liu, and H. H. Stein. 2014. Standardized total tract digestibility of phosphorus in copra meal, palm kernel expellers, palm kernel meal, and soybean meal fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 92:2473-2480. Link to full text (.pdf)

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Effects of using copra meal, palm kernel expellers, or palm kernel meal in diets for weanling pigs

Jaworski, N. W., J. Shoulders, J. C. González-Vega, and H. H. Stein. 2014. Effects of using copra meal, palm kernel expellers, or palm kernel meal in diets for weanling pigs. Prof. Anim. Sci. 30:243-251. Link to full text (.pdf)

Growth performance of weanling pigs fed diets containing copra meal, palm kernel expellers, or palm kernel meal

Jaworski, N. W., J. C. González-Vega, and H. H. Stein. 2013. Growth performance of weanling pigs fed diets containing copra meal, palm kernel expellers, or palm kernel meal. J. Anim. Sci 91(E-Suppl. 2):706 (Abstr.) Link to abstract

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Amino acid digestibility and concentration of digestible and metabolizable energy in copra meal, palm kernel expellers, and palm kernel meal fed to growing pigs

Sulabo, R. C., Ju, W. S., and H. H. Stein. 2013. Amino acid digestibility and concentration of digestible and metabolizable energy in copra meal, palm kernel expellers, and palm kernel meal fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 91:1391-1399. Link to full text (.pdf)

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Effects of using palm kernel meal in phase 2 diets fed to weanling pigs

Palm kernel meal is a coproduct of the production of palm kernel oil. Although the amino acid profile and digestibility in palm kernel meal are less favorable than in soybean meal, it can provide significant protein in swine diets and may be used to reduce feed costs.

An experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that palm kernel meal may replace some corn and soybean meal in phase 2 diets fed to weanling pigs without negatively affecting growth performance.

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Effects of phytase on standardized total tract digestibility of P in copra expellers, palm kernel expellers, and palm kernel meal fed to growing pigs

Almaguer, B. L., R. C. Sulabo, and H. H. Stein. 2011. Effects of phytase on standardized total tract digestibility of P in copra expellers, palm kernel expellers, and palm kernel meal fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 89(E-Suppl. 1):187 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

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Amino acid digestibility and energy content of copra expellers, palm kernel expellers, palm kernel meal, and soybean meal fed to growing pigs

Sulabo, R. C., W. S. Ju, and H. H. Stein. 2011. Amino acid digestibility and energy content of copra expellers, palm kernel expellers, palm kernel meal, and soybean meal fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 89(E-Suppl. 2):99 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

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Amino acid digestibility and energy concentration of copra expellers, palm kernel expellers, and palm kernel meal fed to growing pigs

Copra and palm kernel co-products are commonly fed to ruminant animals in some parts of the world. However, very limited research has been reported on the use of these ingredients in swine diets. No values are listed in the NRC (1998) for copra expellers, palm kernel expellers, or palm kernel meal.

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