Growth performance

Effects of dietary digestible calcium on growth performance and bone ash concentration in 50- to 85-kg growing pigs fed diets with different concentrations of digestible phosphorus

Lagos L. V., C. L. Walk, M. R. Murphy, H. H. Stein. 2019. Effects of dietary digestible calcium on growth performance and bone ash concentration in 50- to 85-kg growing pigs fed diets with different concentrations of digestible phosphorus. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 247: 262 - 272. Link to full text.

Authors: 

Influence of the concentration of dietary digestible calcium on growth performance, bone ash, and abundance of genes involved in intestinal absorption of calcium in pigs from 11 to 25 kg fed diets with different concentrations of digestible phosphorus

Requirements for P for growing pigs are expressed as the requirement for standardized total tract digestible (STTD) P, whereas requirements for Ca are usually expressed as requirements for total Ca. It is, however, recognized that diets for pigs are most accurately formulated based on a STTD Ca:STTD P ratio, and recent work has generated values for STTD of Ca in most Ca containing feed ingredients, which makes it possible to formulate diets based on STTD Ca.

Recent data from the University of Illinois have indicated that if STTD P is at the requirement, a ratio between STTD Ca and STTD P that is less than 1.35:1, 1.25:1, and 1.10:1 maximizes growth performance of pigs from 25 to 50 kg, 50 to 85 kg, and 100 to 130 kg, respectively. However, the STTD Ca:STTD P ratio needed to maximize bone ash is greater than the ratio needed to maximize growth performance. An attempt to estimate the requirement for STTD Ca by pigs from 11 to 25 kg was also made, but due to a reduction in ADG and G:F as dietary Ca increased, an optimal STTD Ca:STTD P ratio could not be estimated.

Calcium may be absorbed by transcellular or paracellular transport. Transcellular transport is the primary route if dietary Ca is low, but if dietary Ca is adequate or high, Ca is mainly absorbed using the paracellular route via the tight junctions. However, there are limited data demonstrating effects of dietary Ca concentration on abundance of genes related to transcellular and paracellular transport of Ca in the small intestine of pigs.

Therefore, the objectives of this experiment were to test the hypotheses that a STTD Ca:STTD P ratio less than 1.40:1 maximizes growth performance of pigs from 11 to 25 kg and that increasing dietary Ca downregulates abundance of genes related to transcellular absorption of Ca and tight junction proteins in the small intestine.

 

Authors: 
Publication Type: 

Effect of dietary calcium on growth performance of growing pigs

S. A. Lee, Vanessa Lagos, and Hans H. Stein. 2018. Effect of dietary calcium on growth performance of growing pigs. Pages 173 - 184. XXXIV Specialization Course FEDNA, Madrid, Nov. 22 - 23, 2018. Link to full text (.pdf)

 

Authors: 
Publication Type: 

Nutritional value of high-lysine sorghum, red sorghum, white sorghum, and yellow dent corn fed to growing pigs

Sorghum is used as an alternative to corn due to its lower cost and wide availability. However, conventional sorghum contains high concentration of tannin and phytate, which act as antinutritional factors. Use of microbial phytase may hydrolyze phytate and subsequently improve P absorption. High-lysine sorghum is a new variety of sorghum which may be comparable to other cereal grains and may serve as alternative to corn for pigs. However, there are at this point no data for effects of adding phytase to diets containing sorghum and no data to demonstrate the nutritional value of high-lysine sorghum.

Therefore, 2 experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that inclusion of 500 phytase units (FTU)/kg of microbial phytase improves the standardized total tract digestibility (STTD) of P in sorghum varieties. The second hypothesis was that the STTD of P, as well as concentrations of digestible energy (DE) and metabolizable energy (ME) in high-lysine sorghum is not different from that of corn and other sources of sorghum.

 

Authors: 
Publication Type: 

Enzymatic digestion turns food waste into feed for growing pigs

Jinno Cynthia, Yijie He, Dan Morash, Emily McNamara, Steve Zicari, Annie King, Hans H, Stein, Yanhong Liu. 2018. Enzymatic digestion turns food waste into feed for growing pigs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 242:48-58. Link to full text

Effects of full fat rice bran and defatted rice bran on growth performance and carcass characteristics of growing-finishing pigs

Casas, G. A., M. F. Overholt, A. C. Dilger, D. D. Boler, and H. H. Stein. 2018. Effects of full fat rice bran and defatted rice bran on growth performance and carcass characteristics of growing-finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 96:2293–2309. Link to abstract

Effects of different levels of full fat rice bran or defatted rice bran on growth performance and carcass quality of pigs

Casas, G. A. and H. H. Stein. 2018. Effects of different levels of full fat rice bran or defatted rice bran on growth performance and carcass quality of pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 96(Suppl. 2):174-175 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

Authors: 
Publication Type: 

Effects of a novel phytase on growth performance, bone measurements, and Ca and P digestibility in diets fed to growing pigs

Blavi, L., J. N. Broomhead, and H. H. Stein. 2018. Effects of a novel phytase on growth performance, bone measurements, and Ca and P digestibility in diets fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 96(Suppl. 2):163 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

Authors: 
Publication Type: 

Comparison between a novel phytase and a commercial phytase on growth performance and bone measurements in diets fed to growing pigs

Munoz Alfonso, C. J., L. Blavi, J. N. Broomhead, and H. H. Stein. 2018. Comparison between a novel phytase and a commercial phytase on growth performance and bone measurements in diets fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 96(Suppl. 2):147-148 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

Publication Type: 

Young Scholar Presentation: Nutritional value of rice coproducts fed to pigs

Casas, G. A. and H. H. Stein. 2018. Young Scholar Presentation: Nutritional value of rice coproducts fed to pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 96(Suppl. 2):143 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

Authors: 
Publication Type: 

Effects of Dakota Gold and conventional distillers dried grains with solubles on wean to finish growth performance and carcass characteristics of pigs fed diets provided as pellets or in a meal form

Rodriguez, D. A., S. A. Lee, and H. H. Stein. 2018. Effects of Dakota Gold and conventional distillers dried grains with solubles on wean to finish growth performance and carcass characteristics of pigs fed diets provided as pellets or in a meal form. J. Anim. Sci. 96(Suppl. 2):141-142 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

Authors: 
Publication Type: 

Impact of formaldehyde treated pig feed containing spray dried plasma on weaned pig growth performance

Campbell, J. M., J. D. Crenshaw, J. Polo, D. Mellick, M. Bienhoff, and H. H. Stein. 2018. Impact of formaldehyde treated pig feed containing spray dried plasma on weaned pig growth performance. J. Anim. Sci. 96(Suppl. 2):138-139 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

Publication Type: 

Chemical analysis of formaldehyde treated spray dried plasma and effects on weaned pig growth performance when included in diets

Campbell, J. M., J. D. Crenshaw, J. Polo, D. Mellick, M. Bienhoff, and H. H. Stein. 2018. Chemical analysis of formaldehyde treated spray dried plasma and effects on weaned pig growth performance when included in diets. J. Anim. Sci. 96(Suppl. 2):138 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

Publication Type: 

Copper hydroxychloride improves growth performance and reduces diarrhea frequency of weanling pigs fed a corn-soybean meal diet

Espinosa, C. D., S. R. Fry, J. L. Usry, and H. H. Stein. 2018. Copper hydroxychloride improves growth performance and reduces diarrhea frequency of weanling pigs fed a corn-soybean meal diet. J. Anim. Sci. 96(Suppl. 2):131-132 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

Authors: 
Publication Type: 

Requirement for digestible calcium at different dietary concentrations of digestible phosphorus indicated by growth performance and bone ash of 50 to 85 kg pigs

Lagos, L. V., C. L. Walk, and H. H. Stein. 2018. Requirement for digestible calcium at different dietary concentrations of digestible phosphorus indicated by growth performance and bone ash of 50 to 85 kg pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 96(Suppl. 2):130-131 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

Authors: 
Publication Type: 

Effects of GraINzyme and AxtraPhy phytases in restoring performance and bone ash in pigs fed low-phosphorus and calcium diets

Last month's newsletter included a research report on research into a novel E. coli phytase expressed in corn, called GraINzyme. Results of that research indicated that adding GraINzyme phytase to diets fed to young growing pigs increased growth performance, digestibility of calcium and phosphorus, and bone mineralization. The comparative effects of GraINzyme and a commercial phytase was not tested in the previous study. Therefore, an experiment was conducted to compare effects of addition of GraINzyme phytase to the commercial phytase AxtraPhy in diets fed to growing pigs.

Authors: 
Publication Type: 

Growth performance, carcass quality, fresh belly characteristics, and commercial bacon slicing yields of growing-finishing pigs fed a subtherapeutic dose of an antibiotic, a natural antimicrobial, or not fed an antibiotic or antimicrobial

Lowell, J. E., B. M. Bohrer, K. B. Wilson, M. F. Overholt, B. N. Harsh, H. H. Stein, A. C. Dilger, and D. D. Boler. 2018. Growth performance, carcass quality, fresh belly characteristics, and commercial bacon slicing yields of growing-finishing pigs fed a subtherapeutic dose of an antibiotic, a natural antimicrobial, or not fed an antibiotic or antimicrobial. Meat Sci. 136:93-103. Link to abstract

Copper hydroxychloride improves growth performance and reduces diarrhea frequency of weanling pigs fed a corn–soybean meal diet but does not change apparent total tract digestibility of energy and acid hydrolyzed ether extract

Espinosa, C. D., R. S. Fry, J. L. Usry, and H. H. Stein. 2017. Copper hydroxychloride improves growth performance and reduces diarrhea frequency of weanling pigs fed a corn–soybean meal diet but does not change apparent total tract digestibility of energy and acid hydrolyzed ether extract. J. Anim. Sci. 95:5447-5454. Link to abstract

Authors: 

Inclusion of excess dietary calcium in diets for 100- to 130-kg growing pigs reduces feed intake and daily gain if dietary phosphorus is at or below the requirement

Merriman, L. A., C. L. Walk, M. R. Murphy, C. M. Parsons, and H. H. Stein. 2017. Inclusion of excess dietary calcium in diets for 100- to 130-kg growing pigs reduces feed intake and daily gain if dietary phosphorus is at or below the requirement. J. Anim. Sci. 95:5439-5446. Link to abstract

Effects of Calmin on energy, calcium, phosphorus, and nitrogen balance and on growth performance of weanling pigs

Calmin is a calcium supplement produced from sea minerals. It also contains 6% magnesium, which may increase calcium absorption. Calmin has been used as a rumen buffer in dairy cows, but limited data are available for pigs. Therefore, two experiments were conducted to test the effect of feeding diets containing Calmin on calcium, phosphorus, and nitrogen balance, energy balance, and growth performance of weanling pigs.

Authors: 
Publication Type: 

Pages