Soybean meal

A review: 100 years of soybean meal. A historical look at the soybean and its use for animal feed.

Ruiz, N., C.M. Parsons, H. H. Stein, C.N. Coon, J. E. van Eys, and R. D. Miles. 2020. A review: 100 years of soybean meal, A historical look at the soybean and its use for animal feed. Feedstuffs. January 24, 2020. Link to full text.

Apparent energy, dry matter and amino acid digestibility of differently sourced soybean meal fed to Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei

Galkanda‐Arachchige, Harsha S. C., Jingping Guo, Hans H. Stein. Donald Allen Davis. 2020. Apparent energy, dry matter and amino acid digestibility of differently sourced soybean meal fed to Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Aquaculture Research. 2020;51:326–340, DOI: 10.1111/are.14378. Link to full text.

Digestibility of energy, and total dietary fiber, and concentration of digestible and metabolizable energy in soybean expeller and soybean meal fed to growing pigs

When soybeans are crushed, the oil may be solvent extracted and the resulting defatted soybeans are known as soybean meal (SBM). However, the oil may also be mechanically expelled from the beans and the defatted soybeans resulting from this procedure is an ingredient known as soybean expellers. The expelling procedure is less efficient in removing oil from the beans and soybean expellers, therefore, contain more residual oil than SBM. Soybean expellers can be produced using different technologies, and a new procedure involving a patented high shear dry extrusion procedure was recently developed (Insta-Pro International, Des Moines, IA). There are however, no data for the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of GE and total dietary fiber (TDF) and DE and ME concentrations in the soybean expellers that are produced from this procedure. Therefore, the objective of this research was to test the hypothesis that the ATTD of GE and TDF and concentrations of DE and ME are greater in soybean expellers than in SBM when fed to growing pigs.

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Ileal digestibility of an enzyme-treated soybean meal for milk replacer in pre-weaned dairy calves

Ansia, I., H.H. Stein, C. Brøkner, D.A. Vermeire, and J.K. Drackley. 2019. Ileal digestibility of an enzyme-treated soybean meal for milk replacer in pre-weaned dairy calves. Abstract 14 in 37th ADSA Discover Conference Program: Natural Bioactives in Dairy Production: Science, Functions and the Future, Itasca, IL. Link to full text.

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Digestibility of an enzyme treated soybean meal for calf starter in weaned dairy calves

Ansia, I., H.H. Stein, C. Brøkner, D.A. Vermeire, and J.K. Drackley. 2019. Digestibility of an enzyme treated soybean meal for calf starter in weaned dairy calves. Abstract 13 in 37th ADSA Discover Conference Program: Natural Bioactives in Dairy Production: Science, Functions and the Future, Itasca, IL. Link to abstract.

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Digestibility of amino acids is greater in soybean expellers than in soybean meal when fed to growing pigs

When soybeans are crushed, the oil may be solvent extracted and the resulting defatted soybeans are known as soybean meal (SBM). However, the oil may also be mechanically expelled from the beans and the defatted soybeans resulting from this procedure is an ingredient known as soybean expellers. The expelling procedure is less efficient in removing oil from the beans and soybean expellers, therefore, contain more residual oil than SBM. Soybean expellers can be produced using different technologies, and a new procedure involving a patented high shear dry extrusion procedure was recently developed (Insta-Pro International, Des Moines, IA). There are however, no data for the digestibility of amino acids (AA) in the soybean expellers that are produced from this procedure. Therefore, the objective of this research was to test the hypothesis that the standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of crude protein (CP) and AAis greater in soybean expellers than in SBM when fed to growing pigs.

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Digestible and metabolizable energy by pigs in soybean meal sourced from different countries.

Lopez, D. A., L. V. Lagos, and H. H. Stein. 2019. Digestible and metabolizable energy by pigs in soybean meal sourced from different countries. Book of Abstracts. In: 1st International Feed Technology Congress, Cologne, Germany. p. 26. Link to Abstract.

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Effects of heat treatment on digestibility of amino acids and concentration of metabolizable energy in soybean meal fed to pigs

Lee, S. A., M. S. F. Oliveira, W. B. Kwon, and H. H. Stein. 2019. Effects of heat treatment on digestibility of amino acids and concentration of metabolizable energy in soybean meal fed to pigs. Book of Abstracts. In: 1st International Feed Technology Congress, Cologne, Germany. p. 33. Link to Abstract.

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Nutrient composition and energy concentration in soybean meal from 5 different countries fed to pigs

Lagos, L. V., D. A. Lopez, and H. H. Stein. 2019. Nutrient composition and energy concentration in soybean meal from 5 different countries fed to pigs. In: 6th EAAP International Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, Sep. 9-12, 2019. Pages 159-160. Link to full text

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Effects of isoquinoline alkaloids on nutrient absorption and growth performance of weanling pigs fed corn-soybean meal diets

Rundle, C., V. Artuso-Ponte, and H. Stein. 2018. Effects of isoquinoline alkaloids on nutrient absorption and growth performance of weanling pigs fed corn-soybean meal diets. 14th International Symposium on Digestive Physiology of Pigs. Adv. Anim. Biosci. Volume 9, Issue S2, 9:S200. (Abstr.). Link to abstract

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Evaluation of soybean meal from different sources as an ingredient in practical diets for Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei

Harsha Sameera Chathuranga Galkanda Arachchige, Xuan Qiu, Hans H. Stein, D. Allen Davis. 2019. Evaluation of soybean meal from different sources as an ingredient in practical diets for Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Aquaculture Research. 2019; 50: 1230–1247. Link to full text. 

Microscopy and protein solubilization of digesta from pigs fed wheat, corn, or soybean meal-based diets, with or without protease and a Bacillus spp. direct-fed microbial

Payling Laura, Tofuko A. Woyengo, Mogens Nielsen, Hans H. Stein, Maria C. Walsh, Luis Romero, and Susan Arent, 2019. Microscopy and protein solubilization of digesta from pigs fed wheat, corn, or soybean meal-based diets, with or without protease and a Bacillus spp. direct-fed microbial. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 2019. 247:183-193. Link to full text.

Effects of increasing concentrations of an Escherichia coli phytase on the apparent ileal digestibility of amino acids and the apparent total tract digestibility of energy and nutrients in corn-soybean meal diets fed to growing pigs

Yue She, J. Chris Sparks, and Hans H. Stein. 2018. Effects of increasing concentrations of an Escherichia coli phytase on the apparent ileal digestibility of amino acids and the apparent total tract digestibility of energy and nutrients in corn-soybean meal diets fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 96:2804–2816.

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Canola meal produced from high-protein or conventional varieties of canola seeds may substitute soybean meal in diets for gestating and lactating sows without compromising sow or litter productivity

Yanhong Liu, Maryane S. F. Oliveira, Hans H Stein, 2018. Canola meal produced from high-protein or conventional varieties of canola seeds may substitute soybean meal in diets for gestating and lactating sows without compromising sow or litter productivity. Journal of Animal Science: 96:12, 5179–5187. Link full text.

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Effects of physicochemical characteristics of feed ingredients on the apparent total tract digestibility of energy, DM, and nutrients by growing pigs

Navarro, D. M. D. L., E. M. A. M. Bruininx, L. de Jong, and H. H. Stein. 2018. Effects of physicochemical characteristics of feed ingredients on the apparent total tract digestibility of energy, DM, and nutrients by growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 96:2265–2277. Link to abstract

Effects of various heat treatments on concentrations of digestible and metabolizable energy and on amino acid digestibility in soybean meal fed to growing pigs

Mathai, J. K., J. K. Htoo, M. Wiltafsky, and H. H. Stein. 2018. Effects of various heat treatments on concentrations of digestible and metabolizable energy and on amino acid digestibility in soybean meal fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 96(Suppl. 2):25-26 (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

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Phosphorus bioavailability in increased-protein, reduced-fiber canola meal, conventional canola meal, and soybean meal fed to crossbred chicks

Hanna, C. D., C. K. Foran, P. L. Utterback, H. H. Stein, and C. M. Parsons. 2018. Phosphorus bioavailability in increased-protein, reduced-fiber canola meal, conventional canola meal, and soybean meal fed to crossbred chicks. Poult. Sci. 97:188-195. Link to abstract

Effects of physicochemical characteristics on in vitro and in vivo nutrient digestibility in pigs

Navarro, D. M. D. L., E. M. A. M. Bruininx, L. de Jong, and H. H. Stein. 2017. Effects of physicochemical characteristics on in vitro and in vivo nutrient digestibility in pigs. Page 414 in Book of Abstracts of the 68th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science (Abstr.) Link to abstract (.pdf)

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Concentrations of minerals in pig feed ingredients commonly used in China

Huang, C. F., H. H. Stein, L. Y. Zhang, D. Li, and C. H. Lai. 2017. Concentrations of minerals in pig feed ingredients commonly used in China. Transl. Anim. Sci. 1:126-136. Link to full text (.pdf)

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Effects of graded levels of microbial phytase on apparent total tract digestibility of calcium and phosphorus and standardized total tract digestibility of phosphorus in four sources of canola meal and in soybean meal fed to growing pigs

She, Y., Y. Liu, and H. H. Stein. 2017. Effects of graded levels of microbial phytase on apparent total tract digestibility of calcium and phosphorus and standardized total tract digestibility of phosphorus in four sources of canola meal and in soybean meal fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 95:2061-2070. Link to full text (.pdf)

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