Stein

Standardized ileal digestibility of amino acids in canola meal fed to gestating and lactating sows

Velayudhan, Deepak Ettungapladi , Manik M. Hossain, Hans H. Stein, and C. Martin Nyachoti. 2019. Standardized ileal digestibility of amino acids in canola meal fed to gestating and lactating sows. Journal of Animal Science, 2019, 4219–4226. Link to full text.

Bioavailability of valine in spray-dried L-valine biomass is not different from that in crystalline L-valine when fed to weanling pigs

Oliveira, Maryane S. F., John K. Htoo, J. Caroline González-Vega, and Hans H. Stein. 2019. Bioavailability of valine in spray-dried L-valine biomass is not different from that in crystalline L-valine when fed to weanling pigs. Journal of Animal Science, 2019, 4227–4234. Link to full text.

Excess dietary leucine in diets for growing pigs reduces growth performance, biological value of protein, protein retention, and serotonin synthesis

Kwon, Woong B., Kevin J. Touchette, Aude Simongiovanni, Kostas Syriopoulos, Anna Wessels, and Hans H. Stein. 2019. Excess dietary leucine in diets for growing pigs reduces growth performance, biological value of protein, protein retention, and serotonin synthesis. Journal of Animal Science, 2019, 4282–4292. Link to full text.

Effects of dietary leucine and tryptophan supplementation on serotonin metabolism and growth performance of growing pigs

Tryptophan is an indispensable AA that is often limiting for growth in pigs fed corn-soybean meal-based diets. Tryptophan may act as a regulator of feed intake by enhancing serotonin signaling in the brain, because Trp is a precursor for serotonin. High Trp intake increases feed intake, and this is partly attributed to increased serotonin synthesis. Availability of dietary Trp in the brain is considered the rate-limiting step in hypothalamic serotonin synthesis. However, to be transported into the brain, Trp competes with other large neutral AA such as Val, Leu, Ile, Tyr, and Phe for a common transporter (L-type AA transporter 1) to cross the blood-brain barrier.

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Digestibility of amino acids is greater in soybean expellers than in soybean meal when fed to growing pigs

When soybeans are crushed, the oil may be solvent extracted and the resulting defatted soybeans are known as soybean meal (SBM). However, the oil may also be mechanically expelled from the beans and the defatted soybeans resulting from this procedure is an ingredient known as soybean expellers. The expelling procedure is less efficient in removing oil from the beans and soybean expellers, therefore, contain more residual oil than SBM. Soybean expellers can be produced using different technologies, and a new procedure involving a patented high shear dry extrusion procedure was recently developed (Insta-Pro International, Des Moines, IA). There are however, no data for the digestibility of amino acids (AA) in the soybean expellers that are produced from this procedure. Therefore, the objective of this research was to test the hypothesis that the standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of crude protein (CP) and AAis greater in soybean expellers than in SBM when fed to growing pigs.

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Gestating and lactating sows perform with hybrid rye

McGhee, M. L., and H. H. Stein.  2019. Gestating and lactating sows perform with hybrid rye. National Hog Farmer, On line edition, Oct. 31, 2019. Link to full text.

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Technical note: Establishment of an ileal cannulation technique in preweaning calves and use of a piecewise regression approach to evaluate effects on growth and pH fluctuation of ileal digesta

Ansia, I., H. H. Stein, M. R. Murphy, and J. K. Drackley. 2019. Technical note: Establishment of an ileal cannulation technique in preweaning calves and use of a piecewise regression approach to evaluate effects on growth and pH fluctuation of ileal digesta. J. Dairy Sci. 102:11061–11066. Link to full text.

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Digestibility of energy and phosphorus and concentration of metabolizable energy in a new source of high-protein distillers dried grains fed to growing pigs

Recently a high-protein distillers dried grains (HP-DDGS; ProCap DDGS, Marquis Energy, Hennepin, IL) was developed and the HP-DDGS has greater concentrations of CP and fat, but contains less fiber compared with conventional DDGS, which may affect the digestibility of energy and P and concentrations of DE and ME. There are, however, no data for the nutritional value of this new source of DDGS. Therefore, 2 experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that concentrations of DE and ME, and standardized total tract digestibility (STTD) of P in HP-DDGS are greater than in conventional DDGS.

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Alternative nutrition strategies to control post-weaning diarrhea

Cristobal M., Su A Lee, L. Blavi and H. H. Stein. 2019. Alternative nutrition strategies to control post-weaning diarrhea. Farm Journals Pork. October 2019. Link to full text.

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Swine Nutrition

Stein H. H. 2019. Swine Nutrition. Feedstuffs reference issue & nutrition guide. September 2019, p 35 - 40. Link to full text.

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Can the digestible indispensable amino acid score methodology decrease protein malnutrition

Bailey, H. M., H. H. Stein. 2019. Can the digestible indispensable amino acid score methodology decrease protein malnutrition. Animal Frontiers, Volume 9, Issue 4, October 2019, Pages 18–23. Link to full text.

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Effects of extrusion on nutrient and energy digestibility in cereal grains fed to growing pigs

Rodriguez, D. A., S. A. Lee, and H. H. Stein. 2019. Effects of extrusion on nutrient and energy digestibility in cereal grains fed to growing pigs. Book of Abstracts. In: 1st International Feed Technology Congress, Cologne, Germany. p. 16. (Abstr.). Link to Abstract.

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Interaction between feed formulation and feed technology in diets fed to pigs

Stein H. H. 2019. Interaction between feed formulation and feed technology in diets fed to pigs. Book of Abstracts. In: 1st International Feed Technology Congress, Cologne, Germany. p. 21. (Abstr.). Link to Abstract.

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Digestible and metabolizable energy by pigs in soybean meal sourced from different countries.

Lopez, D. A., L. V. Lagos, and H. H. Stein. 2019. Digestible and metabolizable energy by pigs in soybean meal sourced from different countries. Book of Abstracts. In: 1st International Feed Technology Congress, Cologne, Germany. p. 26. (Abstr.). Link to Abstract.

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Effects of heat treatment on digestibility of amino acids and concentration of metabolizable energy in soybean meal fed to pigs

Lee, S. A., M. S. F. Oliveira, W. B. Kwon, and H. H. Stein. 2019. Effects of heat treatment on digestibility of amino acids and concentration of metabolizable energy in soybean meal fed to pigs. Book of Abstracts. In: 1st International Feed Technology Congress, Cologne, Germany. p. 33. (Abstr.). Link to Abstract.

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Effects of graded levels of phytase on digestibility of nutrients, growth performance, and bone ash in corn and soybean meal based diets fed to pigs

Lee, S. A., and H. H. Stein. 2019. Effects of graded levels of phytase on digestibility of nutrients, growth performance, and bone ash in corn and soybean meal based diets fed to pigs. In: 80th Minnesota Nutrition Conference, Mankato, MN, Sep. 18-19, 2019. P. 25. (Abstr.). Link to abstract

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Effects of copper hydroxychloride and dietary fiber on intestinal permeability, growth performance, and blood characteristics of nursery pigs

Most diets for weanling pigs contain highly digestible plant and animal proteins, but there is an increasing trend to include more fibrous co-products in diets for pigs due to reduced diet costs. However, feeding diets to nursery pigs with high concentration of dietary fiber may reduce nutrient digestibility, induce intestinal inflammation, and subsequently depress growth performance. Addition of 100 to 200 mg/kg of Cu from Cu hydroxychloride (IntelliBond CII; Micronutrients USA LLC; Indianapolis, IN) to diets improves feed efficiency and reduces post weaning diarrhea in pigs. However, there are at this point no data to demonstrate the effect of Cu hydroxychloride on intestinal barrier integrity of pigs fed low-fiber or high-fiber diets, and it is not known if Cu hydroxychloride influences immune responses of pigs. Therefore, 2 experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that inclusion of 150 mg/kg of Cu from Cu hydroxychloride reduces intestinal permeability and subsequently improves growth performance of pigs fed diets without or with high concentration of dietary fiber.

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Digestibility of amino acids in a new source of distillers dried grains with solubles fed to growing pigs

Distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) is a co-product from the dry-grind ethanol production. However, quality and nutrient content of DDGS may differ among sources and origins and new technologies allow for production of DDGS with different chemical compositions as well as nutritional values. Recently a high-protein distillers dried grains (HP-DDG; ProCap DDGS, Marquis Energy, Hennepin, IL) was introduced and the HP-DDG has greater concentrations of CP and fat, but contains less fiber compared with conventional DDGS, which may affect the digestibility of AA in HP-DDG compared with conventional DDGS. There are, however, no data for the digestibility of AA in this new source of DDGS. Therefore, the objective of this research was to test the hypothesis that standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of AA in HP-DDG is greater than in conventional DDGS when fed to growing pigs.

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Technical note: concentrations of soluble, insoluble, and total dietary fiber in feed ingredients determined using Method AOAC 991.43 are not different from values determined using Method AOAC 2011.43 with the AnkomTDF Dietary Fiber Analyzer

Nguyen, Nga, Marc Jacobs, Juntao Li, Chengfei Huang, Defa Li, Diego M. D. L. Navarro, Hans H. Stein, and Neil W. Jaworski. 2019. Technical note: concentrations of soluble, insoluble, and total dietary fiber in feed ingredients determined using Method AOAC 991.43 are not different from values determined using Method AOAC 2011.43 with the AnkomTDF Dietary Fiber Analyzer. J. Anim. Sci. 2019.97:3972–3983.

Update on amino acids in high fiber diets: Threonine and branch chained amino acids

Kwon W. B., and H. H. Stein. 2019. Update on amino acids in high fiber diets: Threonine and branch chained amino acids. Midwest Swine Nutr. Conf. Indianapolis, IN, Sep. 4, 2019, p. 11-17. Link to full text

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